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Facts and Figures

Find basic facts about U.S. inbound and outbound investment as well as facts related to global investment flows.

U.S. Facts

  • Activities of U.S. Multinational Enterprises in the United States and Abroad - August 2017
    Author: Bureau of Economic Analysis
    The report found that foreign firms increased their direct contribution to U.S. GDP by $10.9 billion from 2014 to 2015. The direct contribution of foreign companies with U.S. affiliates totaled $894.5 billion in 2015. The data also found that American workers employed by foreign companies increased from 6.4 million to 6.8 million. Manufacturing jobs were also up from 2.4 million in 2014 to 2.5 million in 2015.
  • OFII Releases Inbound Investment Survey Results - June 2017
    The Inbound Investment Survey provides keen insights from chief financial officers (CFOs) of globally headquartered companies on the health of the U.S. business climate for inbound investment. These executives, who are responsible for evaluating the strength of our economy and determining when and where to invest their company’s resources, offer a unique perspective on U.S. competitiveness.
  • Primer on International Investment: Agreements & Enforcement - February 2017
    Author: U.S. Chamber of Commerce
    In February 2017, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce released a paper detailing how international investment spurs economic growth and job creation in the U.S.
  • Activities of U.S. Multinational Enterprises in the United States and Abroad - December 2016
    Author: Bureau of Economic Analysis
    Preliminary results from the 2014 Benchmark Survey of U.S. Direct Investment Abroad by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) indicate that the share of production of U.S. multinational enterprises (MNEs) accounted for by U.S. parents increased to 71.9 percent (with the remaining 28.1 percent accounted for by their foreign affiliates) from 69.4 percent in the previous benchmark survey (2009).
  • Statistics on U.S. Affiliates of Foreign Multinational Enterprises - August 2016
    Author: Bureau of Economic Analysis
    New statistics detailing the activities of U.S. affiliates of foreign multinational enterprises (MNEs) are now available from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. The statistics, which include the first information for 2014 and updated data for 2013, offer details on the finances and operations of U.S. affiliates of foreign MNEs, including their employment and compensation, sales, value added, capital expenditures, trade in goods, and expenditures for research and development.
  • OFII Releases "Jobs We Need" Report - June 2016
    On June 20, OFII released of a publication outlining how the global economy, and specifically foreign direct investment, provides the types of "Jobs We Need" in the U.S. The report highlights that 24 million U.S. jobs - or one in every seven - are supported by global investment. 
  • A.T. Kearney Releases 2016 FDI Confidence Index - May 2016 
    A.T. Kearney has recently released the full analysis and results of their 2016 Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Confidence Index. This year's results show that investors are showing more confidence in developed economies that emerging markets, and the U.S. remains the top destination for investment followed by China, with Europe remaining a top investment destination. 

  • OFII Releases 2016 CFO Insourcing Survey Highlights - May 2016
    Earlier this month, the Office for International Investment (OFII) released the results of the 2016 CFO Insourcing summary, based on input from 100 CFOs of U.S. subsidiaries of foreign-headquartered insourcing companies with U.S. investment and employment. The results show in part that the U.S. remains competitive as an emerging market but that lower confidence in the economy will slow investment, and offers suggestion on how the U.S. can attract more global investment. 

  • CFIUS Releases Annual Report to Congress - February 2016
    Last month, the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) of the U.S. Treasury Department released its Annual Report to Congress for FY2014. This year's report provides data on all notices filed with CFIUS in FY2014, as well as findings on acquisitions of U.S. technology and several other issues relating to FDI in the United States.  

  • OFII Releases 2014 U.S. FDI Report - August 2015
    On August 1, the Organization for International Investment (OFII) released a report titled Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the Unites States 2014. The report provides an in-depth look at the latest data on FDI inflow into the United States (at time of publication) between 2012-2013, including cumulative data, a breakdown of investment across various sectors, the top investors, and current status of the U.S. in terms of global competition for foreign investment. 

  • Milken Institute Releases New Index on Global FDI - June 2015
    In June, the Milken Institute released the 2nd edition of its Global Opportunity Index: Attracting Foreign Investment. This index provides companies and countries vital information for those exploring new FDI opportunities and offers a base assessment for countries seeking to attract new FDI. The 2015 index ranks 136 countries across 6 continents based on 61 variables across 4 economic and supporting infrastructure categories.

  • CFIUS Releases Annual Report to Congress - February 2015
    The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) and the U.S. Department of the Treasury released its annual report covering CY 2013 to Congress late last month.  This mandated report consists of a review of inward Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in relation to national security and the invesigations conducted in CY 2014. 
  • Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States Annual Report to Congress - January 2014
    Author: Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States
    The annual report of CFIUS to Congress provides details on all investigations or reviews during 2012. The report is broken down into two sections: covered transactions and critical technologies. 
  • The International Chamber of Commerce's (ICC) recently released its Open Markets Index 2013, assessing how open a country's economy is to the rest of the world. The ICC measured a country's observed trade openness, trade policy, openness to foreign direct investment, and trade-enabling infrastructure. According to the index, the United States ranks 38th in trade openness of the 75 countries measured by the ICC. The article highlights the negative impact Buy America policies have on U.S. trade relationships.  
  • Back to Business: Optimism Amid Uncertainty - June 2013
    Author: ATKearney
    The FDI Confidence Index, in its 13th edition since 1998, ranks countries on how political, economic, and regulatory changes will affect FDI. Based on a survey of more than 300 executives from 28 countries, it examines where global investment dollars are likely to be headed.  

  • Summary Estimates for Multinational Companies: Employment, Sales, and Capital Expenditures for 2011
    Author: Bureau of Economic Analysis
    The following are 2011 advance and 2010 revised summary estimates of the employment, capital expenditures, and sales activity of U.S. multinational companies (comprising both their U.S. and foreign operations) and the corresponding activity of foreign multinational companies in the United States.

  • U.S. Net International Investment Position: End of the Fourth Quarter and Year 2012 - March 2013
    Author: Bureau of Economic Analysis
    In this release, BEA introduces new U.S. international investment position statistics on a quarterly basis. The new statistics are available for the fourth quarter of 2005 through the fourth quarter of 2012. Previously-published year end positions are not revised.

  • Report - Financial globalization: Retreat or reset? - March 2013
    Author: The McKinsey Global Institute
    The McKinsey Global Institute released a report in March 2013, based on its proprietary database of financial assets in 183 countries, analyzing the state of recovery of global capital markets. 

U.S. Government Data & Links

Want to see where in the world U.S. companies are investing? Interested to see which countries are investing in the United States? The U.S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Economic Analysis tracks all of this on an annual basis. From its website you can run your own detailed queries or simply chart changes in FDI flows over time. There are data points that include the value of the investment itself, sales generated from it, employment figures, related R&D expenditures, and much more. Click here to run your own query.

Read other articles, research and, analysis from the BEA on U.S. Direct Investment Abroad or Foreign Direct Investment in the United States.

Learn more on international investment from these U.S. government websites:

IMF Coordinated Direct Investment Survey

The IMF provides detailed investment data on a wide range of countries. The database on investment data is a collaborative effort by the IMF, the European Central Bank, Eurostat, the OECD, and UNCTAD.


  • OECD Releases FDI in Figures - April 2017
    In 2016, global FDI flows1 decreased by 7% to USD 1 625 billion in comparison to 2015, above levels recorded between 2009 and 2014 and comparable to 2008. However, they remained below their precrisis peak, representing 2.2% of global GDP compared to 3.6% in 2007. 

  • UNCTAD Releases World Investment Report 2016 - June 2016
    On June 21, UNCTAD released its annual World Investment Report subtitled 'Investor Nationality: Policy Challenges'. The report estimates that eighty-five per cent of newly adopted investment policy measures in 2015 were addressed towards investment liberalization and promotion, with the remaining 15 per cent of new investment measures featuring restrictions or regulations, mainly reflecting concerns about foreign ownership in strategic industries or national security considerations.

  • UNCTAD Releases 2015 World Investment Report - June 2015
    On June 25, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Division on Investment and Enterprise released their 2015 World Investment Report.  The annual report, this year entitled "Reforming International Investment Governance," focuses on the future of the policy environment for cross-border investment by examining challenges in investment promotion and protection, including ISDS, and offers suggestions for reform of the investment treaties regime.

  • Tenth UNCTAD-OECD Report on G20 Investment Measures - January 2014
    The report finds that policy measures in the past five years have tended to eliminate investment restrictions and facilitate inward and outward investment. It also highlights that G20 members, for the most part, have continued to honor their pledge not to introduce new restrictive policies for international investment. 
  • From January through October 2013, there was a large increase in the overall share of more restrictive or regulatory investment policies. At the international level, the trend to negotiate regional investment agreements continues.
  • UNCTAD-Global Investment Trade Monitor - January 2013
    Global foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows declined by 18% in 2012, to an estimated US$1.3 trillion The January report by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) details global foreign direct investment (FDI) data in the latter part of 2012. Highlights of the report include data on the decline of global FDI by 18% in 2013, as well as the contrast between investment data and other macroeconomic trends and projected investment FDI trends in the coming year.
  • UNCTAD- World Investment Report - 2012 Report | Previous Years
    The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development releases an annual report highlighting its investment policy framework for sustainable global development.


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